Journal of Extension Education <p><strong>The <em>Journal of Extension Education (JEE)</em> is a peer-reviewed open-access journal in the field of extension education published by the Extension Education Society (EES).</strong></p>The journal is published in both <em>print</em> and <em>online</em><em> </em>versions. [<strong>Print ISSN: 0971-3123; Online ISSN: 2456-1282</strong>]. The CODEN assigned to JEE is <strong><em>JEEOBM</em> .</strong><br /><p><strong><br /></strong></p> Extension Education Society (EES) en-US Journal of Extension Education 0971-3123 <p><span>Authors who publish with JEE agree to the following terms:</span><br /><br /></p><ol type="a"><ul><li>Authors retain copyright and grant JEE right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li></ul></ol><ol type="a"><ul><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li></ul></ol><ol type="a"><ul><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ul></ol><p>Extension Education Society</p><p><a href=""></a></p><p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></p><p>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Farmers' willingness to take part in Sorghum-based Innovation Platform in Niger State, Nigeria <em>The research examined the determinants of farmers’ willingness to partake in sorghumbased innovation platforms, ascertained the factors influencing their willingness and constraints to their participation. Structured questionnaire was used to elicit data from 350 registered respondents drawn from Niger State, Nigeria. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Probit and multiple regression. The result reveals that the farmers' mean age was 40. About 85 % of them were married with a household size of 1-5 persons. The result of probit showed that availability of active labour force, income from the sorghum, number of trainings, access to extension service and market access were the major determinants to farmers’ participation in sorghum innovation platform. Major constraints were, untimely meetings, poor means of transportation, information gap and complexity of innovation. The study concludes that farmers were willing to participate in sorghum-based innovation platform but do not have enough capital base. The study recommends that farmers should be linked up with credit institutions and timely meetings should be conducted</em> Ibrahim Mohammed Nnanna Ugochukwu Adonikam Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-13 2020-10-13 32 1 10.26725/JEE.2020.1.32.6422-6428 Crowdsourcing Knowledge: An Extension Approach for Remunerative and Sustainable Home Garden Farming Systems in Kerala <em>Kerala has pioneered development models through farmer participatory approaches. Involving the grassroots in scientific studies can help improve crop variety adoption and refined technology recommendations. Participatory tools like Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), Participatory Technology Development (PTD), On Farm Testing (OFT), Front Line Demonstrations (FLD) and Participatory Breeding Programmes (PBP) are all time-tested examples of its successful use in researches. Crowdsourced citizen science approach called tricot – ‘triadic comparisons of technologies’ is popular today, where farmers are made to adopt three crop varieties or technologies randomly assigned to them from a broader set of varieties/technologies for final choice aimed at continuous adoption. The results of this study conducted during 2019-2020 revealed that more than 80% of the farmers fully adopted the technology prescribed in the checklist as a result of crowdsourcing knowledge. The results on attitude of farmers towards crowdsourcing revealed that majority of the farmers posessed favourable attitude towards crowdsourcing approach.</em> Allan Thomas M. Nithish Babu Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-13 2020-10-13 32 1 10.26725/JEE.2020.1.32.6429-6440 Factors contributing to the Success of Aquaculture Field Schools <em>ICAR- Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA) had piloted four Aquaculture Field Schools (AFS), a model of farmer to farmer extension, in Odisha and Chhattisgarh states in India. The AFS’ are attracting farmers and stakeholders as they provide a platform to share experience and enable cross learning. In this research, an attempt has been made to identify the factors that contribute to the successful performance of AFS. Data were collected from 166 user farmers, selected randomly from the list available with operators. Five variables viz., age of fish farmer, frequency of visit to AFS, duration of visit, interaction with the fellow farmers and advocation of advanced technologies of ICAR-CIFA to other farmers were observed to be significantly contributing to yield of fish. The Multiple correlation coefficient, R=0.48, indicated that there is a significant and positive correlation between the observed and predicted value of fish yield.</em> Gour Sundar Saha Himansu Kumar De Abhijit Sinha Mahapatra Nirupama Panda Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-13 2020-10-13 32 1 10.26725/JEE.2020.1.32.6441-6447 Entrepreneurial Behaviour of Agripreneurs in Agro Food Parks <em>The study was conducted in Agro Food Parks (AFPs) of Kerala, to analyse the entrepreneurial behaviour of agripreneurs in AFPs. A sample of 80 respondents was randomly selected from the four functional AFPs. Ex-post facto research design was employed for the study. It was observed that about 66 per cent of the respondents had medium entrepreneurial behaviour. The results of correlation analysis revealed that the entrepreneurial behaviour was positively and significantly related with education, cosmopoliteness, market perception, management orientation, extension orientation, group cohesion, environmental orientation, problem solving ability, credit orientation and economic motivation.</em> Rin Rose Antony Allan Thomas Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Extension Education 2020-10-13 2020-10-13 32 1 10.26725/JEE.2020.1.32.6448-6454 Effectiveness of Home science Vocational Training Programmes imparted by KVKs (Krishi Vigyan Kendras) <em>Vocational training programmes play a positive role in the empowerment of women. The present study was planned with a specific objective to study the effectiveness of vocational trainings in home science discipline as rated by women trainees of a Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK). Training effectiveness was evaluated on five levels, viz. coverage, utility, teaching quality, knowledge and skill acquired. It was found that a great majority of trainees had perceived training as moderately effective. Programme effectiveness scores did not differ significantly among the four training groups. Mass media exposure, information seeking behavior, attitude towards training and entrepreneurial behavior had significant relationship with training effectiveness.</em> Safia N Ebrahim Girija V. Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-13 2020-10-13 32 1 10.26725/JEE.2020.1.32.6455-6462 From the Editor's Desk Editorial of 32 (1); Ethics in Social science research D Puthira Prathap Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-13 2020-10-13 32 1 10.26725/JEE.2020.1.32.6421 Erosion of Traditional Seed Supply System in Murshidabad District of West Bengal <p><em>This study aims to explore the erosion of traditional seed supply system (TSSS) in Murshidabad district of West Bengal with reference to the erosion of rice diversity in the district. Agriculture is the main occupation of Murshidabad because of its favourable climate and quality of soil. The investigators had interviewed 400 cultivators from all the 26 community development blocks in the district and found that 164 varieties of rice were once available in the farmers’ fields and at present only 12 are being cultivated marginally. In the case of high yielding varieties (HYV), farmers generally prefer to buy seeds from the market for consistent yield. A very little percentage of farmers keep HYV seeds for the next year’s planting material.</em></p> Ali Ahammad Taher Hasan Sabuj Kumar Chaudhuri Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-13 2020-10-13 32 1 10.26725/JEE.2020.1.32.6463-6467 Scenario Analysis of Cardamom Growers in Cardamom Hill Reserves of Kerala <p><em>The study was conducted to analyse various characteristics of cardamom growers in Idukki district of Kerala. Sixty farmers engaged in cardamom cultivation were selected based on landholding of not less than one acre. Fifteen independent variables were selected based on judges’ relevancy rating. Majority of the cardamom growers belonged to low to medium level of adoption of good agricultural practices. Education status and credit orientation were found to be significantly and positively related to adoption of good agricultural practices.</em></p> S Anju N Kishore Kumar Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-13 2020-10-13 32 1 10.26725/JEE.2020.1.32.6468-6470 Vegetable Consumption Pattern and Health Consciousness of Urban Terrace Garden Farmers <p><em>A study was conducted to analyse the vegetable consumption pattern and health consciousness of urban households practicing terrace gardening at their homes. The survey was conducted among randomly selected 90 households in Pune city i.e., Pune Municipal Corporation and Pimpri - Chinchwad Municipal Corporation. The study revealed that among the urban wellers doing terrace gardening, everyone showed either moderate or high level of health consciousness and no one showed low level. The amount of vegetables consumed per household per day was taken in to consideration while collecting details regarding general consumption pattern of vegetables. As per the study, it was found that, 70 per cent were consuming moderate amount of vegetables on daily basis.</em></p> C P Poornima Pallavi D Suryawanshi Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-13 2020-10-13 32 1 10.26725/JEE.2020.1.32.6471-6474